Applied Geophysics - AG

Applied Geophysics is an autonomous scientific and applied branch in the Earth studies. It has evolved as an interdisciplinary subject by mainly employing the achievements in geology, mathematics, physics, electronics, and computer technologies.
Applied Geophysics methods study the distribution of various physical fields. This distribution depends on the characteristics of one or more physical parameters of the media that compose the explored space. Various geophysical methods have been developed and implemented, like gravity measurement, seismic, electrical, nuclear and geophysical, thermal, and a number of others. Applied Geophysics plays a leading role in the studyof the underground structure of the Earth and is exceedingly important for the search and exploration for mineral deposits, as well as in the industrial, civil, mine construction and others. The geophysical methods of research are of particular significance in the sphere of environmental protection, archaeological research and speleology, too. Measurements are performed on the Earth's surface, in drilled wells and mine workings, but are also collected from airplanes and helicopters, ships, and spacecraft. Data processing and result interpreting are carried out by extensively using contemporary computer equipment.
The course of study in Applied Geophysics dates back to the formation of the University of Mining and Geology. It is unique in Bulgaria and has had years of established traditions. It has been accredited and offers education which is in compliance with the state requirements for granting higher educational degrees in the educational and qualification degrees of Bachelor and Master and in the educational and scientific degree of Doctor.
The Bachelor's educational and qualification degree offers studies of the technique and interpretation of various geophysical methods, as well as the necessary range and number of geological course units. Training in Mathematics and Physics is intensified. Special attention is paid to computer education. Operating systems, programming, computer modelling, computer analysis, and digital imaging are all included in the curriculum in view of the fact that each stage of geophysical exploration is associated with the extensive use of contemporary computer technologies.
The graduates of the first educational and qualification degree are given a Bachelor's degree in Applied Geophysics.
The second educational and qualification degree offers training in the following courses of studies:
- Applied Geophysics;
- Petroleum Geophysics;
- Exploration Geophysics;
- Geophysical Research of the Earth and the Planets.
Students may also opt for individual curricula whereby provisions are made for education in other branches of Applied Geophysics. This educational degree extends both the fundamental knowledge of students and their expertise in the geophysical branch that they have chosen.
The graduates of the second educational and qualification degree are given a Master's degree in their specific course of study. Specialists who have taken a Bachelor's degree in other courses of studies may also apply for a Master's educational and qualification degree. Individual curricula have been worked out for training such students.
The holders of degrees in Applied Geophysics find occupational fulfilment in such areas as: the management, design, and conducting of geophysical research during the search and exploration for minerals; mining and mineral processing; solving geotechnical and hydro-geological problems; ecology and archaeology. They perform as leading experts in the fields of seismology, magnetometry, gravimetry, radiometry, electricity phenomena in the ionosphere, remote sensing study of the Earth by means of satellite measurements. The graduates are also successful in finding employment in the area of the use of contemporary technologies. A number of geophysicists with a degree from this course of study have been employed in or are still working in many countries around Europe, Asia, Africa, America, and Australia.